We are a bunch of scientists, representing various branches of science (archaeology, paleobiology, geomatics), who share one goal – discovering the past. We seek traces of human presence there, where they seem not to be present. We focus our attention on the woodlands of northern Poland, perceiving them as an area where the evidence of people’s being have been preserved by dense forest. In our research we apply interdisciplinary approach to the past human settlement issues in the forest areas of northern Poland. We use remote sensing methods (LIDAR), field prospecting, palynological and pedological research. Thanks to the use of a wide range of methods, we have achieved satisfactory results of research for new study areas (with a long forested period) in the context of settlement studies.
As early as in the 20th century, for studies in the field of settlement archaeology, it was noticed that, apart from field prospecting, based on archaeological terrain, research was conducted using alternative methods such as aerial archaeology, geophysical and geochemical research. It was also understood that there exists a necessity to refer to disciplines in the field of earth sciences as to key ones in the study of the past correlation between colonization and the natural environment (Jankhun 2004). In recent years there has been significant progress in Polish archaeology both in the context of the use of modern remote sensing and geophysical methods in prospecting research (Pawleta, Zaplata 2015). New techniques (LIDAR) reveal a number of potential archaeological objects in forest areas, which were previously poorly recognized. Nevertheless, the application of spatial analysis of the digital terrain model should always be combined with the verification of potential archaeological objects using field surveys, which, due to the availability of the research area (wooded areas), is not always possible. However, the comparison of the results of the terrain model analysis with the existing data from the field of natural sciences may facilitate the verification process of enountered objects.
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